Color Theory:
Color Wheel: a round diagram that shows the placement of colors in relationship to each
other. It is from the color wheel that “color schemes” are defined.

S6 - DAY TWO - Color Theory

Primary Colors: Pinterest

red, yellow, and blue. With these three colors (and black and white) all
other colors can be made. The primary colors themselves can not be made by mixing
other colors (see illustration).


Secondary Colors: Pinterest

green, purple, and orange. These three colors are derived from
mixing equal amounts of two of the
three primary colors


Tertiary Colors: Pinterest

also called intermediate colors, these are blends of primary and
secondary colors. Colors such as red-orange and blue-green are tertiary colors.



S6 - DAY THREE - Color Theory

Complementary Colors: Pinterest

two colors directly opposite one another on the color wheel.
When placed next to one another, complementary colors are intensified and often appear to vibrate. When mixed, brown or gray is created. Red and green, blue and orange, and
yellow and violet have the greatest degree of contrast. Red-violet and yellow-green, redorange
and blue-green, and yellow-orange and blue-violet are also complementary colors.

Split Complementary Color: Pinterest

This color scheme uses three colors: A color and two other colors that are directly adjacent to the first color’s complement on the color wheel. This provides the visual interest of a complementary color scheme but without the vibration. It also allows the use of more color. Examples include:

Red, Yellow-Green and Blue-Green

Yellow, Blue-Violet and Red-Violet

Green, Red-Violet and Red-Orange

Triad Color Scheme: Pinterest

This color scheme makes use of three colors that are equally spaced from each other on the color wheel. Examples include:

Red,Yellow and Blue

Yellow, Blue-Violet and Red-Violet

Green, Violet and Orange

Analogous Color Scheme: Pinterest

This scheme uses one color along with the colors on either side of it on the color wheel. Examples include:

Green, Blue-Green and Yellow-Green

Yellow, Yellow-Green and Green

Yellow, Yellow-Green and Yellow-Orange

Monochromatic Color Scheme: Pinterest

This color scheme uses two or three colors from the same color family on the color wheel. Examples include:

Dark Blue and Light Blue

Dark Green, Grass Green and Light Green

Purple and Lavender

Grayscale: Pinterest

refers to the range of gray tones between black and white.


Monochrome: Pinterest

painting done in a range of tones of a single color.


Neutral Color: Pinterest

colors of very low saturation, approaching grays.


Cool Color: Pinterest

colors whose relative visual temperatures make them seem cool. Cool colors
generally include green, blue-green, blue, blue-violet, and violet.


Warm Color: Pinterest

Colors whose relative visual temperature makes them seem warm. Warm
colors or hues include red-violet, red, red-orange, orange, yellow-orange, and yellow.


S6 - DAY FOUR - Color Theory


S6 - DAY FIVE - Color Theory

Tint: Pinterest

a hue with white added. Pink is a tint of red.



the name of the color, such as red, green or yellow. Hue can be measured as a
location on a color wheel, and expressed in degrees; the main attribute of a color which
distinguishes it from other colors.


Ultramarine: Pinterest

a vivid blue to purple-blue pigment originally made from ground lapis
lazuli. French ultramarine is an artificial substitute.


Sepia: Pinterest

a golden brown tint sometimes applied to black-and-white pictures. Can give the
finished print an antique appearance.


Sienna: Pinterest

a form of limonite clay most famous in the production of oil paint pigments. Its
yellow-brown color comes from ferric oxides contained within. As a natural pigment, it
(along with its chemical cousins ochre and umber) was one of the first pigments to be
used by humans, and is found in many cave paintings.

S6 - DAY SIX - Color Theory


Refers to the amount of white in a color. The more white a color has, the brighter it is.




Refers to the amount of a color used. When a color is at full saturation, it is extremely vibrant. When a color is “desaturated,” a large amount of color has been removed. Desaturated colors tend to be close to being neutral because there is so much gray in them.

Production Colors


RGB Color: Pinterest

This is color based upon light. Your computer monitor and television use RGB. The name “RGB” stands for Red, Green, Blue, which are the 3 primaries (with green replacing yellow). By combining these 3 colors, any other color can be produced. Remember, this color method is only used with light sources; it does not apply to printing.



CMYK Color: Pinterest

This is the color method based upon pigments. “CMYK” stands for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black (its what the K stands for). Using these 4 colors, most other colors can be achieved. Unfortunately, CMYK cannot reproduce the same amount of colors as RGB can, which is why yellow-greens sometimes look a bit muddy when printed. This is the method used by printers the world over, and is also a clever way of mixing paints.

PMS Colors - PANTONE COLORS -  Pinterest

Graphic Arts – Printing, Publishing & Packaging
The PANTONE PLUS SERIES for multimedia graphics – today's version of the PANTONE MATCHING SYSTEM – is the definitive international reference for selecting, specifying, matching and controlling ink colors. The PANTONE FORMULA GUIDE, a two-guide set consisting of 1,867 solid PANTONE Colors on coated and uncoated stock, shows corresponding printing ink formulas for each color, and the two-book set of SOLID CHIPS provides coated and uncoated perforated tear-out chips that can be used for quality control.



Classroom Zoom Hours - 1PM to 1:30 PM - Monday - Thursday

Meeting ID: 966 9441 5843 - Passcode: Viscom


Office Zoom Hours - 2PM to 2:30 PM - Monday - Thursday

Meeting ID: 977 4308 8893 - Passcode: Viscom


Students must be prepared to make a major commitment. It is our assumption that students entering the program are here to lay a foundation for a career in a design field and will be required to meet rigorous and stringent standards. Strong communication skills, both verbal and written, are required as is the ability to read and analyze. Serious students will find that the program will provide them with an excellent opportunity to develop the skills necessary to succeed in the job market or advance in education. _Most of the students graduating from the program _continue their education.


Steve Bross

Commercial Art Instructor


Central Montco Technical High School

821 Plymouth Road

Plymouth Meeting, PA 19462


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