Monday & Tuesday
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Drawing Various Mouth Expressions.
Line: an actual or implied mark, path, mass, or edge, where length is dominant.
Form: the volume and shape of a three-dimensional work, perhaps including unfilled
areas that are integral to the work as a whole.
Lecture & Vocabulary
S7 - DAY FOUR - Typography
Serifs are small lines at the ends of character strokes. Sans serif, or without serif, refers to typefaces without these lines. Sans serif fonts are often used when a large typeface is necessary, such as in a magazine headline. Helvetica is a popular sans serif typeface. Sans serif fonts are also common for website text, as they can be easier to read on screen. Arial is a sans serif typeface that was designed specifically for on-screen use.
Serif fonts are recognizable by the small lines at the ends of the various strokes of a character. As these lines make a typeface easier to read by guiding the eye from letter to letter and word to word, serif fonts are often used for large blocks of text, such as in a book. Times New Roman is an example of a common serif font.
These heavy, black typefaces (whose capital letters are often ornate) were the very first metal type known in Europe. The earliest of these in Europe were from the Gutenberg workshop and were copies of letters found in handwritten manuscripts. Also known as "Old English.
In Macintosh font menus, this is called Plain meaning text that has no style applied to it (i.e., Italic, Bold, Boldltalic). Roman fonts are upright thick-and-thin weighted, and usually serifed type. The classical Roman letter style began in A.D. 114 with letters chiseled in the stone of the Trajan Columns in Rome.
In modern usage, Gothic refers to sans serif monoweight letters (for example, Letter Gothic). These have little contrast of thick and thin lines, and no ornamentation, yet still retain the intensive boldness of the traditional Gothic. After the invention of typography in Europe by Gutenberg in AD 1450, the traditional Gothic style of lettering fell into the shadow of Venetian Old Style typography.
A modified version of Old Style. these high contrast letters have heavy, untapered stems and light serifs. Originally developed by Firmin Didot and Giambattista Bodoni during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Serif or sans serif designs composed of visually geometric character shapes. Some good examples are Lubalin Graph, Avant Garde, and Futura
Characterized by variations in stroke width, bracketed serifs, high contrast, and a diagonal stroke. Some popular Old Styles include Bembo, Garamond, Janson, and Caslon. Originally developed during the Renaissance and adopted by Venetian printers in the 15th century, these were based on pen drawn forms.
Our studio uses two types of lighting equipment, Monolights, and pack run lights. It is important to learn both types of lighting not only to be able to work in our studio, but other studios as a future professional. The other important part of this section is to know how to make the strobes go off. There are a few ways to do this that include slave made, wired triggering, and wireless. Our studio uses only wireless transmitters, but it is important to know all three in case you do not have a wireless transmitter. Below are tutorials on how to setup up your strobe lights and how to use them along with connecting your camera to use them.
We currently use the Flashpoint and Promaster series Monolights. These are like many common Monolights out there today. If you can learn to use these lights, you should be able to learn other types of Monolights. As mentioned before, these lights have the power pack built into the light itself and require no power pack although you still have to plug each Monolight into the wall or buy an external battery for location/outdoor work. Here is a review of the light and basic operations.
Our Large Shooting table station uses a Speedotron brand power pack that powers three lights. These lights do not generate their own power and must be plugged into the power pack, which then plugs into the wall. This type of lighting is great for table top shooting especially when the light is high up and above the subject because you can make power adjustments to the pack instead of climbing up on a ladder and doing it manually. Here's a brief tutorial on how they work.
Our studio currently uses wireless transmitters that use radio frequencies. Each Monolight and Power pack is connected to one with a receiver. The transmitter is attached to the camera you are taking your pictures with. Each transmitter has a number that matches the stations' receivers. Each set is on its own "channel" since multiple sets are working at the same time. As long as the transmitters aren't on the same channel,they wont set off another stations' lights. For example, Transmitter on Set 1 is set to "A1" while set 2 is "B2". Since the transmitters are 4 channels, there are 4 combinations you can use.