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S3 - DAY SIX - Art Movements And Styles - Art Nouveau - Circa 1890
English uses the French name Art Nouveau ("new art"). The style is related to, but not identical with, styles that emerged in many countries in Europe at about the same time: in Austria it is known as Secessionsstil after Wiener Secession, in Spanish Modernismo, in Catalan Modernisme, in Czech Secese, in Danish Skønvirke or Jugendstil, in German Jugendstil, Art Nouveau or Reformstil, in Hungarian Szecesszió, in Italian L'Art Nouveau, Stile floreale or Stile Liberty, in Norwegian Jugendstil, in Polish Secesja, in Slovak Secesia, in Russian Модерн (Modern), and Swedish Jugend.
Art Nouveau is considered a "total" art style, embracing architecture, graphic art, interior design, and most of the decorative arts including jewellery, furniture, textiles, household silver and other utensils, and lighting, as well as the fine arts. According to the philosophy of the style, art should be a way of life. For many well-off Europeans, it was possible to live in an art nouveau-inspired house with art nouveau furniture, silverware, fabrics, ceramics including tableware, jewellery, cigarette cases, etc. Artists desired to combine the fine arts and applied arts, even for utilitarian objects.
Line: an actual or implied mark, path, mass, or edge, where length is dominant.
Form: the volume and shape of a three-dimensional work, perhaps including unfilled
areas that are integral to the work as a whole.
Lecture & Vocabulary
S4 - DAY FOUR - Principles Of Art Design
Proportion: Proportion refers to the relative size and scale of the various elements in a design.
The issue is the relationship between objects, or parts, of a whole. This means that it is necessary to
discuss proportion in terms of the context or standard used to determine proportions.
Rhythm: Rhythm can be described as timed movement through space; an easy, connected path along
which the eye follows a regular arrangement of motifs. The presence of rhythm creates predictability
and order in a composition. Visual rhythm may be best understood by relating it to rhythm in sound.
Repetition: involves the use of patterning to achieve timed movement and a visual "beat". This repetition
may be a clear repetition of elements in a composition, or it may be a more subtle kind of repetition
that can be observed in the underlying structure of the image.
Alternation: is a specific instance of patterning in which a sequence of repeating motifs are
presented in turn; (short/long; fat/thin; round/square; dark/light).
Gradation: employs a series of motifs patterned to relate to one another through a regular
progression of steps. This may be a gradation of shape or color. Some shape gradations may in
fact create a sequence of events, not unlike a series of images in a comic strip.