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Art Movements And Styles - Fauvism - Circa 1900
Fauvism, the first twentieth-century movement in modern art, was initially inspired by the examples of Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, and Paul Cézanne. The Fauves ("wild beasts") were a loosely allied group of French painters with shared interests. Several of them, including Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, and Georges Rouault, had been pupils of the Symbolist artist Gustave Moreau and admired the older artist's emphasis on personal expression. Matisse emerged as the leader of the group, whose members shared the use of intense color as a vehicle for describing light and space, and who redefined pure color and form as means of communicating the artist's emotional state. In these regards, Fauvism proved to be an important precursor to Cubism and Expressionism as well as a touchstone for future modes of abstraction.
One of Fauvism's major contributions to modern art was its radical goal of separating color from its descriptive, representational purpose and allowing it to exist on the canvas as an independent element. Color could project a mood and establish a structure within the work of art without having to be true to the natural world.
Lecture & Vocabulary
Harmony: in painting is the visually satisfying effect of combining similar, related elements. eg.
adjacent colors on the color wheel, similar shapes etc.
Dominance: gives a painting interest, counteracting confusion and monotony. Dominance can be
applied to one or more of the elements to give emphasis
Unity: is the underlying principle that summarizes all of the principles and elements of design.
It refers to the coherence of the whole, the sense that all of the parts are working together to achieve
a common result; a harmony of all the parts.
Unity can also be a matter of concept. The elements and principles can be selected to support the intended function of the designed object; the purpose of the object unifies the design.