Students must be prepared to make a major commitment. It is our assumption that students entering the program are here to lay a foundation for a career in a design field and will be required to meet rigorous and stringent standards. Strong communication skills, both verbal and written, are required as is the ability to read and analyze. Serious students will find that the program will provide them with an excellent opportunity to develop the skills necessary to succeed in the job market or advance in education. _Most of the students graduating from the program _continue their education.

Steve Bross

Commercial Art Instructor


Central Montco Technical High School

821 Plymouth Road

Plymouth Meeting, PA 19462



Web Site Built By The CTE Objective


Student Goals:
Introduce students the voabulary of the Elements of Design.

Student Objectives: Elements of Design
Provided with structured lectures, examples, study guides, and student resources, the students will be able to demonstrate a working vocabulary knowledge, by passing a written assessment with a score of 80% or higher.

Program Of Study Requirements:

901 - Prepare and present a portfolio.

902 - Deliver an oral presentation.

903 - Estimate time and materials for a project.

904 - Prepare and present a 3-5 minute talk on a competency.

905 - Demonstrate matting and mounting a work of art.

906 - Participate in critiques of commercial art projects. 907 - Research current industry practices.


Elements of Design: Lecture Slides
those qualities of a design that can be seen and worked with independently of its figurative content. They include line, form, value, texture, color, and shape.

an actual or implied mark, path, mass, or edge, where length is dominant.

the volume and shape of a three-dimensional work, perhaps including unfilled areas that are integral to the work as a whole.

the tactile surface characteristics of a work of art that are either felt or perceived visually.

a visual attribute of things that results from the light they emit or transmit or reflect; the visual response to the wavelengths of light, identified as red, blue, green, etc.; primary and secondary colors; warm, cool, and neutral colors, color value; hue; and intensity.


the lightness or darkness of a color; contrasts between light and dark.

Shade: a color produced by adding black to a pigment.
- Shading: showing change from light to dark or dark to light in a picture by darkening areas that would be shadowed and leaving other areas light. Shading is often used to produce illusions of dimension and depth

an area which stands out from the space next to it or around it because of a defined boundary or because of a difference of value, color, or texture.


the mass of three-dimensional shapes in space.

Plane: a shape which is essentially two-dimensional in nature but who’s relationship with other shapes may give an illusion third dimension.

Positive space:

space that is occupied by an element or a form.

Negative space:
the unoccupied or empty space left after the positive shapes have been laid down by the artist; however, because these areas have boundaries, they also function as shapes in the total design.


having two dimensions (height and width); referring to something that is flat.

Two-dimensional space:
a measurable distance on a surface which show height and width but lack any illusion of thickness or depth.


occupying or giving the illusion of three dimensions (height, width, depth).

Three-dimensional space:

a sensation of space which seems to have thicknessor depth as well as height and width.

Linear perspective:

a system for creating the illusion of depth on a two dimensional surface. The system is based on a scientifically or mathematically derived series of actual or implied lines that intersect at a vanishing point on the horizon. Linear perspective determines the relative size of objects from the foreground of an image to the background.

A Central Montco Technical High School Program!