Fine Artist - Marking Period One
‘Fine arts’ is a collective term used to describe creative disciplines like sculpture, painting, and drawing. Fine artists work across a variety of mediums – paper, metal, clay, photographic film, and wood – usually specialising in a single ‘fine arts’ sub-category.
A majority of fine artists work independently, either commissioned by clients or on their own initiative, to create artistic works.
They sell their works to museums, art galleries or directly to customers, based on talents and reputations built in the market.
Entry into these professions is often by way of competitions or exhibitions. Building a reputation and client base takes a long time.
While most fine artists work on their own, they may also be employed by museums and galleries, educational and art institutions (as instructors) or work in private studios on special commissions.
Section 1: Poverty
More than 46 million Americans live in Poverty USA.
PovertyUSA is the domestic anti-poverty program of the U.S. Catholic Bishops. An initiative of the Catholic Campaign for Human Development (CCHD), PovertyUSA seeks to educate and promote understanding about poverty and its root causes.
The Population of Poverty USA
- In 2014, 47 million people lived in Poverty USA. That means the poverty rate for 2014 was 15%.
- The 2014 poverty rate was 2.3 percentage points higher than in 2007, the year before the 2008 recession.
- This is the fourth consecutive year that the number of people in poverty has remained unchanged from the previous year’s poverty estimate.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2014, U.S. Census Bureau; Income and Poverty in the United States: 2014, U.S. Census Bureau
Section 2: Global Warming
When we drive, fly or power our homes with air-polluting sources, we release gasses that heat our planet. The science is clear.
Burning fossil fuels does damage
Burning fossil fuels such as coal or petroleum sends carbon dioxide, methane and other heat-trapping “greenhouse gasses” into the atmosphere. Gradually, temperatures climb.
Think of it like a thermal blanket around the Earth.
Clearing forests worsen's warming
Chopping down vast swaths of forests, known as clear-cutting or deforestation, adds to the problem. Such drastic removal of trees is being driven by the agriculture, timber, and other industries.
We need the trees because they absorb carbon dioxide. Fewer trees mean more of the gas hangs in the atmosphere, trapping more heat.
The chief danger: carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide has caused most of the warming, science tells us. We can measure it.
For 800,000 years, natural amounts of carbon dioxide ranged from 180 to 300 parts per million (ppm).
Today’s levels are around 400 ppm – up 40 percent since the Industrial Revolution began in the mid-18th century
when the level was 280 ppm. We know this extra carbon dioxide comes mainly from burning coal and oil
because of the chemical composition of the gas.
Section 3: Racism
Racism has existed throughout human history. It may be defined as the hatred of one person by another -- or the belief that another person is less than human -- because of skin color, language, customs, place of birth or any factor that supposedly reveals the basic nature of that person. It has influenced wars, slavery, the formation of nations, and legal codes.
Racism is the belief that a particular race is superior or inferior to another, that a person’s social and moral traits are predetermined by his or her inborn biological characteristics. Racial separatism is the belief, most of the time based on racism, that different races should remain segregated and apart from one another.
Section 4: Anti-Smoking
Smoking is responsible for several diseases, such as cancer, long-term (chronic) respiratory diseases, and heart disease, as well as premature death. Over 480,000 people in the USA and 100,000 in the UK die because of smoking each year. According the US CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), $92 billion are lost each year from lost productivity resulting from smoking-related deaths.
Of the more than 2.4 million deaths in the USA annually, over 480,000 are caused by smoking.1
Smoking is the largest cause of preventable death in the world. Recent studies have found that smokers can undermine the health of non-smokers in some environments.
In an article published online in Medical News Today on 30 May 2013, we presented data demonstrating that, on average, smokers die ten years sooner than non-smokers.